Include These 15 Essentials in Your DIY First Aid Kit

First aid is the initial assistance given to a victim of injury or illness. Comprised of relatively simple techniques that can be performed with rudimentary equipment, first aid is usually carried out by a layperson until professional medical assistance arrives. If adequate first aid is not administered during a medical emergency, a person can bleed to death or suffer from serious injuries.

Your first-aid box must have the ultimate solution for common ailments. Whether you have a headache, an allergic reaction, a broken toenail or have suffered a few burns, it is these items in your first aid box that will provide instant relief.

Here is a list of 15 things that must be included in your home first aid box.

1. Adhesive Bandages

The main purposes of a Adhesive Bandage is to cover a wound healing by primary intention are to control any postoperative bleeding, absorb exudate if anticipated, ease pain and provide protection for newly formed tissue. It is never a good idea to leave cuts and scrapes uncovered. So go ahead and buy a few adhesive bandages since they come in all colours, sizes and shapes. You might want to pick the larger ones for bigger cuts, and smaller ones for shaving cuts and smaller scrapes. Also, find colourful ones that your kid will want to wear proudly instead of ripping off. Also, talk to your vet if you have pets and get bandages meant for dogs or cats.

Or you can includ Roller and Triangular bandates in your first aid kit.

Roller bandages: Roller bandages are long thin bandages rolled up. Use a roller bandage to support joint injuries, hold dressings in place, put pressure on wounds to stop bleeding, and to reduce swelling

Triangular bandages: Triangular bandages are large triangular shaped pieces of cloth. You can fold a triangular bandage to use as either a bandage or sling, or, if sterile, as a dressing for large wounds and burns.

2. Antiseptic Creams And Lotions

Before you put on that bandage, you will need to thoroughly clean a wound. While soap and water work fine, it is advisable to use a good antiseptic lotion to thoroughly rinse out any debris or particles in the wound that could infect it. Also, if the wound is large and could get pus formation, you will need to use an antiseptic regularly while you dress up the wound. Anesthetic spray or lotion for itching rashes and insect bites may help or buy Dettol or Savlon to kill all germs and bacteria that can thrive in an open wound.

Antiseptic creams are highly suitable if an individual sustained minor fist degree burns. A first degree burn can develop after contact with grease, cigarettes, hot beverages, and as well as friction. When it comes to a minor burn, it is sensitive, reddened and oftentimes swollen. A minor first degree burn require gentle cleaning using water and soap, followed by the application of the antiseptic cream that must be applied 2-3 times in a day. It is optional to apply a sterile dressing but it can keep the antiseptic in place to promote better healing.

3. Muscle Creams And Sprays

Having a sprain or a backache is one of the most common ailments people complain of, second only to headaches. To ensure that your aching muscles get instant relief, do stock up on muscle creams and gels.

Sprays can be excellent for hard-to-reach spots like your back. The spray provides a highly pressurised force of cooling menthol that quickly numbs the pain. The best part about using a spray is that it does not have a messy drip or a greasy feeling. Sprays offer immediate pain relief and so are more helpful in dealing with acute pain like an ankle sprain after an injury. However, you should use them in moderation as the ingredients do get absorbed directly in to your bloodstream through the skin.

The pain-relieving creams are usually less greasy than ointments. Creams are very effective in relieving arthritic pain, but they can only provide temporary relief. Most creams contain counterirritants which can heat the skin and distract the brain from the pain. A common compound capsaicin found in pain-relieving creams block the skin’s pain receptors and thus reduces the pain. If there is any swelling, try using ice-packs.

4. A Pair Of Tweezers

A fine-tipped pair of tweezers can come in handy in so many ways. Remove foreign objects lodged in the skin like splinters. Or easily remove your dog’s ticks using them. Make sure you sterilise the tweezers by cleaning them with an antiseptic lotion.

5. Sterile Gauze And Tape

For bigger injuries, especially those that are bleeding profusely, you will need sterile gauze and medical tape to create a larger bandage. Where a band-aid seems to be too small to cover the wound, use these two. Create padding with sterile gauze, apply a little antiseptic cream, and cover the wound. Then secure in place with the tape. These also work especially well on kids and pets since they cannot remove this as easily.

6. Pain Relievers

What’s more common than a headache or backache? Having a few pain relievers like Crocin / Combiflam / Ibuprofen in your first-aid box is a must. Even if the pain is persistent and needs to be checked by a doctor, you can still pop a painkiller to help you bear with the trip down to the clinic and the long wait before you get the turn to meet with your doctor. If you have kids, keep some mild pain relievers at hand. And if you have pets, make sure you talk to your vet about the best painkiller for dogs and cats. Remember, while most human medicines work on dogs, some of them can be poisonous to their system.

There is no clear evidence that it has any harmful effects on an unborn baby. However, as with any medicine taken during pregnancy, use paracetamol at the lowest effective dose for the shortest possible time.

7. Antihistamines

This combination medication is used to temporarily relieve symptoms caused by the common cold, flu, allergies, or other breathing illnesses (such as sinusitis, bronchitis). Antihistamines help relieve watery eyes, itchy eyes/nose/throat, runny nose, and sneezing.

With all the changing weather and increased pollution, which household doesn’t have people who develop allergic reactions easily? From sneezing to breaking out in a rash, antihistamine will take care of all allergies. While sinus and dust allergies might not need medical attention, a food allergy might need a trip to the doctor. In any case, the allergy medication will provide a little relief while you rush the patient to the emergency.

8. Fungal Medicines

Fungal infections can erupt anytime, anywhere. From your genitals to your feet, your face and hands, these fungal infections can be itchy and embarrassing. So make sure you have an anti-fungal cream at home to provide relief from the persistent itch. You can get these in the form of gels, creams, powders and even pills.

9. Nail Clippers

Painful hangnails that can actually get infected if chewed on or ripped out. So make sure you have nail clippers in your first-aid box to clip nails and hangnails and keep the nails clean. You might not realise this but dirty nails are the biggest cause for fungal infections, bacterial growths and warts.

10. Thermometer

Any first-aid box is incomplete without a good thermometer. And make sure you buy the right kind. No longer do doctors recommend a mercury thermometer. Get yourself a digital thermometer, and if you have kids and pets, we recommend you get an ear-canal thermometer.

11.Fever Medication

Fevers are common, so do keep Crocin or basic paracetamol to ensure that you can regulate normal body temperature while your doctor diagnoses the cause. He may further recommend antibiotics or other medication, but popping an antipyretic will help you while you wait for the diagnosis.

12. Torch

A small flashlight or pen torch that can fit in your kit can be worth having as an add-‐on.

13. Scissors

To cut sterile pads, bandages or sticky tape to the right length. You can also use them if you need to cut someone’s clothing, so that you can get to a wound easily.

14. Disposable gloves

Using disposable gloves reduces the risk of infection between you and someone you’re helping. If they’re available, always wear gloves whenever you dress wounds or deal with any body fluids or waste.

15. Contact Numbers for emergency medical service

Keep Emergency telephone numbers handy for emergency medical services (EMS) 1092/102/108

You need not have to provide prescription to buy most of the above listed things. The quantity depends on the number of person in your home or group. Put wound supplies in one bag and medications in another. Go ahead and pick a good-sized box to create your very own first-aid kit or buy a ready made one and start storing away these things for uncalled emergencies. A water-resistant, drop-proof container is best to store these items. Periodically check the expiry date of each products and refill it when require. Train others in your family to use the kit. You may be the one who needs first aid.

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